The first anabolic steroid (androstenone) was isolated in 1931 in Germany and three years later synthesized by Croatian-Czech chemist Leopold Ruzicka who worked in Switzerland. The following year, scientists managed the isolation of testosterone and the first clinical trials (administration of testosterone propionate and metyltestostérone) took place in 1937. The first steroid users, who were taking these substances in order to increase muscle mass and physical strength, were Olympians.
During weightlifting championship in 1954 in Vienna, the doctor of the Soviet team spoke with his American colleague about the substances he gave to his athletes… He revealed the secret of the Soviet success – testosterone. The American doctor was none other than John B. Ziegler, an amateur bodybuilder and skilled chemist working for Ciba Pharmaceutical Laboratories. He began his own experiments with steroids on his return to the USA. His work resulted in the launch of a new drug on the market–Dianabol.To date, Dianabol is still considered one of the most effective anabolic steroids in history.
In the sixties, it was clear that some Californian athletes largely surpassed their competitors in all respects and that it was not due to the dietary protein supplements of Joe Weider. This was the start of the steroid boom. At the time, steroids were still quite legal …
Later. they were banned in official competitions. However, this provision has never been done in the case of bodybuilding. Anabolic steroids are controlled substances in many countries, including the United States, Canada, France, the UK, Australia, Argentina and Brazil, while in other countries such as Mexico and Thailand, they are freely available.